TRANSCRANIENNE MAGNETIC STIMULATION (rTMS) 

General overview

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive method using magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain. It is based on the principle of mutual induction described and defined by Michaël Faraday in 1831.

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Main objectives of the method
  • Treating certain neuronal disorders related to abnormal brain activity

  • Optimize brain activity by normalizing brain frequencies

  • Stimulate cerebral plasticity (especially in adults), to increase the effectiveness of sessions, accelerate the integration of learning

  • Reinforce the activity of certain neuronal circuits

Specificities of the method

The use of a helmet or electrodes that generate a magnetic influx on the skull can enhance the activity of certain neuronal circuits and thus make the brain more plastic.

For patients with motor disorders
Transcranial stimulation, combined with other training or rehabilitation exercises, makes it easier and quicker to acquire and integrate new skills.
Transcranial stimulation then targets the motor cortex (located at the top of the skull).

 


The child sits in a chair with a headrest. The method is painless. A simple localized magnetic field is applied to the brain to stimulate the neurons.

These are medical devices used in many clinics, especially in the United States. 

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Who is this method for ?

For neuroatypic children, rTMS is particularly aimed at children with :

  • Cerebral palsy, post-stroke motor disorders: improving cerebral plasticity can improve motor function, in association with rehabilitation.

  • Autism

Also used for : 

  • Chronic and cancerous pain

  • Depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, hallucinations, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorders

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders

  • Neurodegenerative diseases

  • Tinnitus

  • Contraindications :

  • Cardiac valve wearer

  • Pacemaker carrier

  • Metallic prostheses (braces, dentures, etc.)

Scientific references

Neuromodulation integrating rTMS and neurofeedback for the treatment of autism spectrum disorder: An exploratory study
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4221494/
"We consider it possible to conclude that low-frequency inhibitory rTMS neuromodulation followed by prefrontal gamma-regulatory neurofeedback improves executive functioning and behavioural symptoms in autism. This study supports the contention that rTMS and neurofeedback can be viewed as neuromodulatory treatments in perspective that target the core symptoms of ASDs such as executive function deficits. »
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) in Basic and Clinical Neuroscience Research
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3093091/
"Used in a clinical context, the rich array of paradigms and regimens of repetitive TMS allows selective manipulation of the organization of neural networks, leading to the discovery of new therapeutic methods for brain damaged patients and the optimization of cognitive activity in healthy subjects. »

rTMS neuromodulation improves electrocortical functional measures of information processing and behavioral responses in autism
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00134/full
We consider it possible to conclude that low-frequency inhibitory rTMS neuromodulation has improved executive functioning and behaviour in autistic patients. Contraindications :

Cardiac valve wearer
Pacemaker carrier
Metallic prostheses (braces, dentures, etc.) What parents say
To know more about it
Links to the official website or well-made news websites:
Cortica care

https://www.magstim.com/
https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-therapy-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy-children-improves-motor-activity-2314-7326-1000231.php?aid=82320
Link to informative articles + reference books :
https://www.cairn.info/revue-l-information-psychiatrique-2008-8-page-741.htm

To know more about the topic

General presentation - History / origin of the method
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive method using magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain. 
It is based on the principle of mutual induction described and defined by Michaël Faraday in 1831.
Main objectives of the method

Link to informative articles + reference books :
https://www.cairn.info/revue-l-information-psychiatrique-2008-8-page-741.htm

Link to FB parent groups :
https://www.facebook.com/groups/285541688306686/?ref=br_rs (English)
https://www.facebook.com/groups/418688958306096/ (English)

Link to professional directories :
https://www.doctolib.fr/stimulation-magnetique-transcranienne

Link to consumer headphones
https://www.haloneuro.com/
https://www.sport-optimisation.fr/

Any remarks or comments ?

This work is based on a collaborative approach to sharing research and family experience.

If you have any comments, suggestions for modifications or corrections or clarifications to make, please let us know by email at contact@leneurogroupe.org